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立博体育>技术文章>浅谈环境与可靠性试验设备的使用与维护

技术文章 Article

浅谈环境与可靠性试验设备的使用与维护

DIANJICISHU:675 FABUSHIJIAN:2016-07-28

QIANTANHUANJINGYUKEKAOXINGSHIYANSHEBEIDESHIYONGYUWEIHU

[ZHAIYAO]:BENWENDUIMUQIANHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIDEXIANZHUANG、HUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIDEZHENGQUESHIYONGJIHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIDEYIBANWEIHUJINXING

LECHANSHU。MUDESHIBANGZHUGUANGDAHUANJINGSHIYANRENYUANDUIHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIDEZHENGQUESHIYONGYOUGECHUBULEJIE。

[GUANJIANCI]:HUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEISHIYONGWEIHU

HUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEISHIZAISHIYANSHINEIYONGRENGONGFANGFAMONIYIZHONGHUODUOZHONGYANKUHUANJINGDEZUHESHIYANSHEBEI,SHIYANZHI、KAIFAXINCHANPINHEJIANYANCHANPINZHILIANGXINGNENGDEHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEI。SHIWOMENSUOBIBUKESHAODEJIANYANSHIYANSHEBEI。SUOYIZHENGQUESHIYONGHEWEIHUHUANJINGYUKEKAOXINGSHIYANSHEBEIYOUQIZHONGYAO。

ANSHIYANSHEBEISUOMONIDEHUANJINGYINSU,HUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIDAZHIKEFENWEI:QIHOUHUANJINGSHEBEI(HANSHENGWUHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEI)、JIXIEHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEI、QIHOUJIXIEZONGHEHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIHEQITAHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIDENG。WOMENSUOJIUYOUGEZHONGHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIJISHITAITAO。HUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIWEIXIANDAIGAOKEJICHANPINYANZHIKAIFAHECHANPINDINGQIJIANYANJIYANSHOUSHIYANTIGONGLEBIYAODEXINXIHESHUJU。

一.环境试验设备的现状

立博体育MUQIANGUONEIHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIDADUOSHIWEILEMANZUGUOBIAOGB2423 《DIANGONGDIANZICHANPINJIBENSHIYANGUICHENG》ERSHENGCHANDE,ZHEIXIEHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIXIANDOUYOUXIANGYINGDECHANPINGUOBIAO,RU

GB10586-89《SHIRESHIYANXIANGJISHUTIAOJIAN》

GB10589-89《DIWENSHIYANXIANGJISHUTIAOJIAN》

GB10591-89《GAO/DIWENSHIYANXIANGJISHUTIAOJIAN》

GB10591-89《GAO/DIWENSHIYANXIANGJISHUTIAOJIAN》DENG。

BASHINIANDAIYIQIAN,WOGUOSHIYONGDEDADUOSHUHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIDOUSHICONGXIFANGGUOJIAYINJINDE,JIAGEBIJIAOANGGUI,ERRUJIN,SUIZHEDIANZIJISHUDEFAZHAN,TEBIESHIKONGZHIJISHUDEFAZHAN,CONGMONIKONGZHIDAOXIANZAIDESHUZIKONGZHI;XIANSHIFANGSHICONGZHIZHENDAOSHUZIZAIDAOXIANZAIDECHUMOPINGXIANSHI;KONGZHIJINGDUCONG±1℃TIGAODAO0.1℃SHENZHIYU0.01℃ZHINEI;SHEBEITIJICONGHENXIAODEXIANGTI,DAOJIBAILIFANGDADEFANG(SHI),WOGUODEHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEISHENGCHANCHANGJIAYIJINGNENGSHENGCHANFUHESHIYANYAOQIUDESHEBEI。XINGNENGKEYIYUJINKOUSHEBEIXIANGPIMEI,ERJIAGEZHIYOUJINKOUSHEBEIYIBANZUOYOU。DANMOUXIETESHUSHEBEI,RUWENDUCHONGJISHEBEI、WENDUKUAISUBIANHUA(15℃/min)HAIBUNENGGUOCHANHUAHUOSHENGCHANDESHEBEIBUNENGFUHEYAOQIU。

二.正确使用宏展仪器环境试验设备

立博体育JINGUANRUCI,DANHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIRENGSHIYIZHONGJINGMI、GUIZHONGSHEBEI。ZHENGQUESHIYONGHECAOZUOHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIBUJINNENGWEIJIANCERENYUANTIGONGZHUNQUEDEYIJU,ERQIENENGSHIHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIZHANGSHIJIANDEZHENGCHANGYUNXINGHEYANZHANGQISHEBEIDESHIYONGSHOUMING。

立博体育SHOUXIANZAIZUOHUANJINGSHIYANSHI,DUISUOXUSHIYANDEYANGPINXINGNENG、SHIYANTIAOJIAN、SHIYANCHENGXUHESHIYANJISHUYAOSHUXI,YAODUISUOSHIYONGDESHIYANSHEBEIDEJISHUXINGNENGYAOSHUXI,DUISHEBEIDEGOUZAOYAOYOUSUOLEJIE,YOUQISHIDUIKONGZHIQIDECAOZUOJIXINGNENGYAOSHUXI。HAIYAOZIXIYUEDUSHIYANSHEBEIDECAOZUOSHIYONGSHOUCE,ZHEIYANGKEYIBIMIANYINCAOZUOSHIWUERYINQISHIYANSHEBEIDEBUZHENGCHANGYUNXINGCONGERYINQISHIYANYANGPINDESUNHUAI,SHIYANSHUJUDEBUZHENGQUE。

QICI,HELIXUANZESHIYANSHEBEI。WEIBAOZHENGSHIYANZHENGCHANGJINXING,YINGGAIGENJUSHIYANYANGPINDEBUTONGQINGKUANG,XUANZEHESHIDESHIYANSHEBEI,SHIYANYANGPINHESHIYANXIANGDEYOUXIAORONGJIZHIJIANYEYAOBAOCHIYIGEHELIDEBILI。DUIYUFARESHIYANYANGPINDESHIYAN,QITIJIYINGBUDAYUSHIYANXIANGYOUXIAORONGJIDESHIFENZHIYI。DUIYUBUFARESHIYANYANGPINQITIJIYINGBUDAYUSHIYANXIANGYOUXIAORONGJIDEWUFENZHIYI。BIRU,YITAI21`CAIDIANZAIZUOWENDUCHUCUNSHIYANSHI,XUANYONGYIGEYILIFANGTIJIDESHIYANXIANGJIUNENGMANZUYAOQIU,ERZAITONGDIANGONGZUOSHI,TAJIUBUNENGMANZUYAOQIULE,YINGGAIHUANYIGEGENGDAYIXIEDESHIYANXIANG,YINWEIDIANSHIJIZAIGONGZUOSHIYAOFASANRELIANG。

立博体育DISAN,ZHENGQUEFANGZHISHIYANYANGPIN。SHIYANYANGPINDEANFANGWEIZHI,YINGLIKAIXIANGBI10cm YISHANG,DUIDUOGEYANGPINYINGJINLIANGFANGZAITONGYIPINGMIANSHANG。www.oven.ccYANGPINFANGZHIYINGBUDUSAICHUFENGKOUHEHUIFENGKOU,JIWENSHIDUCHUANGANQIYEYINGLIUCHUYIDINGJULI。YIBAOZHENGSHIYANWENDUDEZHENGQUE。

DISI,DUIYUSHIYANZHONGSUOXUJIARUJIEZHIDEHUANJINGSHIYAN,YINGGENJUSHIYANYAOQIUZHENGQUETIANJIA。RUSHIRESHIYANXIANGYONGSHUISHIYOUYIDINGYAOQIUDE,SHIYANXIANGYONGSHUIDIANZULVBUDEDIYU500 OU.MI,YIBANZILAISHUIDIANZULV10--100 OU.MI,ZHENGLIUSHUIDIANZULV100--10000 OU.MI,QULIZISHUIDIANZULV10000-100000OU.MI,YINCISHIRESHIYANYONGSHUIYAOYONGZHENGLIUSHUIHUOQULIZISHUI,ERQIEYIDINGYAOYONGXINXIANDE,YINWEISHUIYUKONGQIJIECHUHOU,YISHOUDAOERYANGHUATANHEHUICHENWURAN,SHUIYOUNENGRONGDUOZHONGWUZHIDEXINGZHI,SHIJIANZHANGLEHOU,DIANZULVYAOXIAJIANG。XIANZAISHIMIANSHANGYOUYIZHONGCHUNJINGSHUIBIJIAOJINGJI,ERQIEFANGBIAN,TADEDIANZULVXIANGDANGYUZHENGLIUSHUI。

立博体育DIWU.DUISHIRESHIYANXIANGDESHIYONG。SHIRESHIYANXIANGYONGSHIQIUSHABUSHIQIUZHISHIYOUYIDINGYAOQIU,BUSHIRENHESHABUDOUNENGDAIYONG,YINWEIXIANGDUISHIDUDEDUSHUSHIGENJUSHIWENSHIDUZHICHA,YANGESHUOHAIYUDANGDIDANGSHIDEDAQIYALI、FENGSUYOUGUAN。SHIQIUWENDUSHIZHIYUSHABUXIRUDESHUILIANG、BIAOMIANZHENGFADEQINGKUANGYOUGUAN。ZHEIXIEDOUZHIJIEYUSHABUZHILIANGYOUMIQIEGUANXI,SUOYIQIXIANGSHANGGUIDING,SHIQIUSHABUBIXUSHIYAMAZHICHENGDEZHUANYONG“SHIQIUSHABU”。FOUZENANYIBAOZHENGSHIQIUWENDUJISHIZHIDEZHENGQUEXING,YEJIUSHISHIDUDEZHENGQUE。LINGWAISHIQIUSHABUDEANFANGYEYOUMINGQUEGUIDING,SHABUZHANGDU:100mm ,JINMICHANRAOCHUANGANQITANTOU,TANTOULISHIDUSHUIBEI25—30mm,SHABUJINRUSHUIBEI,ZHEIYANGCAINENGBAOZHENGSHEBEIKONGZHIDEZHENGQUEXINGHESHIDUDEZHENGQUEXING。

三.环境试验设备的维护

立博体育HUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIPINZHONGFANDUO,DANSHIYONGzuiGUANGFANDEHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIWEIGAOWEN、DIWEN、SHIRESHIYANXIANG,ERXIANJINBIJIAOLIUXINGSHIJIHELEGAOWEN、DIWEN、SHIREWEIYITIDESHIYANXIANG—GAODIWENSHIRESHIYANXIANG,TADEXIULINANDUJIAOQITAHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIDA,QIEJUYOUDAIBIAOXING。XIAMIANJIUGAODIWENSHIRESHIYANXIANGWEILI,TANYITANGAODIWENSHIRESHIYANXIANGDEGOUZAOJIYIXIECHANGJIANGUZHANGHEPAICHUFANGFA。

(YI)、CHANGJIANGAODIWENSHIRESHIYANXIANGDEGOUZAO

立博体育SHIYANRENYUANCHUZHENGQUEANCAOZUOGUICHENGCAOZUO,HAIYINGGAIDUIQIJIEGOUYOUSUOLEJIE。GAODIWENSHIRESHIYANXIANGYOUXIANGTI、FENGXUNHUANXITONG、ZHILENGXITONG、JIAWENXITONGHEKONGSHIXITONGZUCHENG。FENGXUNHUANXITONGYIBANCAIYONGKEDIAOJIESONGFENGFANGXIANGDEJIEGOU;JIASHIXITONGYOUCAIYONGGUOLUJIASHIDEHEBIAOMIANZHENGFAERZHONG;JIANGWEN、QUSHIXITONGCAIYONGKONGDIAOGONGKUANGZHILENGJIEGOU;JIAREXITONGCAIYONGDIANREQIPIANJIAREHEDIANLUSIZHIJIEJIAREERZHONGJIEGOU;WENSHIDUCESHIFANGFACAIYONGGANSHIQIUCESHIFANGFA,YEYOUYONGSHIDUCHUANGANQIZHIJIECELIANGFANGFA;KONGZHIHEXIANSHICAOZUOJIEMIANCAIYONGWENSHIDUFENKAIDULIHEWENSHIDUZUHEKONGZHIQIDENGFANGSHI。

(ER)GAODIWENSHIRESHIYANXIANGDEYIXIECHANGJIANGUZHANGHEPAICHUFANGFA:

1.ZAIGAOWENSHIYANZHONG,RUWENDUBIANHUADABUDAOSHIYANWENDUZHISHI,KEYIJIANCHADIANQIXITONG,ZHUYIPAICHUGUZHANG。RUWENDUSHENGDEHENMAN,JIUYAOCHAKANFENGXUNHUANXITONG,KANYIXIAFENGXUNHUANDEDIAOJIEDANGBANSHIFOUKAIQIZHENGCHANG,FANZHI,JIUJIANCHAFENGXUNHUANDEDIANJIYUNZHUANSHIFOUZHENGCHANG。RUWENDUGUOCHONGLIHAINEIMEJIUXUYAOZHENGDINGPID DESHEZHICANSHU。RUGUOWENDUZHIJIESHANGSHENG,GUOWENBAOHU,NEIME,KONGZHIQICHUGUZHANG,XUGENGHUANKONGZHIYIBIAO。

立博体育2.DIWENDABUDAOSHIYANDEZHIBIAO,NEINIJIUYAOGUANCHAWENDUDEBIANHUA,SHIWENDUJIANGDEHENMAN,HAISHIWENDUDAOYIDINGZHIHOUWENDUYOUHUISHENGDEQUSHI,QIANZHEJIUYAOJIANCHAYIXIA,ZUODIWENSHIYANQIANSHIFOUJIANGGONGZUOSHIHONGGAN,SHIGONGZUOSHIBAOCHIGANZAOHOUZAIJIANGSHIYANYANGPINFANGRUGONGZUOSHINEIZAIZUOSHIYAN, GONGZUOSHINEIDESHIYANYANGPINSHIFOUFANGZHIDEGUODUO,SHIGONGZUOSHINEIDEFENGBUNENGCHONGFENXUNHUAN,ZAIPAICHUSHANGSHUYUANYINHOU,JIUYAOKAOLVSHIFOUSHIZHILENGXITONGZHONGDEGUZHANGLE,ZHEIYANGJIUYAOQINGCHANGJIADEZHUANYERENYUANJINXINGJIANXIU。HOUZHEDEXIANXIANGSHISHEBEIDESHIYONGHUANJINGBUHAOSUOZHI,SHEBEIFANGZHIDEHUANJINGWENDU,FANGZHIDEWEIZHI(XIANGTIHOUYUQIANGDEJULI)YAOMANZUYAOQIU(ZAISHEBEICAOZUOSHIYONGSHUOMINGZHONGDOUYOUGUIDING)。

3.ZAIZUOSHIRESHIYANZHONG,CHUXIANSHIJISHIDUHUIDADAO100%HUOZHESHIJISHIDUYUMUBIAOSHIDUXIANGCHAHENDA,SHUZHIDIDEHENDUO,QIANZHEDEXIANXIANG:KENENGSHISHIQIUCHUANGANQISHANGDESHABUGANZAOYINQI,NEIJIUYAOJIANCHASHIQIUCHUANGANQIDESHUICAOZHONGSHIFOUQUESHUI,SHUICAOZHONGDESHUIWEISHIYOUYISHUIWEIKONGZHIQIZIDONGKONGZHIDE,CHASHUIWEIKONGZHIQIGONGSHUIXITONGSHIFOUGONGSHUIZHENGCHANG,SHUIWEIKONGZHIQIGONGZUOSHIFOUZHENGCHANG。LINGYIZHONGKENENGJIUSHISHIQIUSHABUYINSHIYONGSHIJIANZHANG,HUOGONGSHUISHUIZHICHUNJINGDUDEYUANYIN,HUISHISHABUBIANYING,SHISHABUWUFAXISHOUSHUIFENERGANZAO,ZHIYAOGENGHUANHUOQINGXISHABUJIKEPAICHUYISHANGXIANXIANG。HOUZHEDEXIANXIANGZHUYAOSHIJIASHIXITONGBUGONGZUO,CHAKANJIASHIXITONGDEGONGSHUIXITONG,GONGSHUIXITONGNEISHIFOUYOUYIDINGDESHUILIANG,KONGZHIJIASHIGUOLUSHUIWEIDESHUIWEIKONGZHISHIFOUZHENGCHANG,JIASHIGUOLUNEIDESHUIWEISHIFOUZHENGCHANG。RUYISHANGYIQIEDOUZHENGCHANG,NEIJIUYAOJIANCHADIANQIKONGZHIXITONG,ZHEIYAOQINGZHUANYEWEIXIURENYUANJINXINGJIANXIU。

4.SHEBEIZAISHIYANYUNXINGGUOCHENGZHONGTURANCHUXIANGUZHANGSHI,KONGZHIYIBIAOSHANGCHUXIANDUIYINGDEGUZHANGXIANSHITISHIBINGYOUSHENGXUNBAOJINGTISHI。CAOZUORENYUANKEYIDUIZHAOSHEBEIDECAOZUOSHIYONGZHONGDEGUZHANGPAICHUYIZHANGZHONGKUAISUJIANCHACHUSHUYUNAYILEIGUZHANG,JIKEQINGZHUANYERENYUANKUAISUPAICHUGUZHANG,YIQUEBAOSHIYANDEZHENGCHANGJINXING。

立博体育QITAHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIZAISHIYONGZHONGHAIHUIYOUQITADEXIANXIANG,NEIJIUYAOJUTIXIANXIANG,JUTIFENXIHEPAICHU。HUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEIHAIYAODINGQIJINXINGWEIHUBAOYANG,ZHILENGXITONGDELENGNINGQIDINGQIQINGLI,DUIYUHUODONGBUJIANYINGANSHUOMINGSHUJIAYOURUNHUA,DIANQIKONGZHIXITONGDINGQIWEIHUJIANCHADENGDENG,ZHEIXIEGONGZUOSHIBIBUKESHAODE。

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